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Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

According to Transparency International Somalia is the most corrupt country in Africa, while Botswana is the least corrupt country in Africa.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The latest Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries on a rating scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (Highly clean) in the world.
Seychelles, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Rwanda, Namibia and Mauritius are among the transparent nations in the world.

While Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Guinea Bissau and Equatorial Guinea are the most corrupt nations in Africa and the world.

Delia Ferreira Rubio, Chair, Transparency International, said,

“Corruption is much more likely to flourish where democratic foundations are weak and, as we have seen in many countries, where undemocratic and populist politicians can use it to their advantage.”

Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The latest corruption perceptions index ranks countries on a rating scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (Highly clean) in the world.

With a score of 66, the Seychelles earns the highest mark in Africa, followed by Botswana (61), Cabo Verde (58), Rwanda (53)
and Mauritius (52). At the bottom
of the index are Somalia (9), South Sudan (12), Sudan (16) and Equatorial Guinea (16).
Significant improvers since 2012, Cote d’Ivoire (35) and Senegal (45) still have much work to do.

Since 2012, several countries, including Congo (19), Liberia (28), Madagascar (24) and Malawi (31) have significantly declined on the CPI.

Following four decades of authoritarian rule, Angola (26) jumped seven points in this year’s CPI, making it a significant improver.

Isabel Dos Santos, the former president’s daughter, who is also known as “Africa’s richest woman”, was fired from her job as head of the state oil and gas firm, Sonangol, months after President Lourenço’s election. In December 2019, as investigations into corruption allegations progressed, an Angolan court ordered a freeze of Dos Santos’s assets and also charged her with fraud and embezzlement.

Down here in West Africa, Ghana dropped seven points on the CPI since 2014, moving from 48 in 2014 to 41 in 2019.

Revelations of bribery in Ghana’s high court in 2015 and the murder of investigative journalist Ahmed Hussein-Suale in early 2019 cast serious doubts on the country’s anti corruption efforts. Despite these developments, there is hope for change.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

1. Somalia

Somalia ranks among the world’s most corrupt countries. Insecurity is also a major issue; Corrupt government officials tolerate illegal activities in return for bribes. Dysfunctional institutions facilitate an environment of lawlessness, and the absence of any form of regulatory framework hinders prospects of economic competitiveness.

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Somalia’s Provisional Constitution criminalizes several forms of corruption (including abuse of office, embezzlement and bribery ); however, implementation is non-existent.

2. South Sudan

Corruption in South Sudan is among the worst in the world.

Bribery is widespread in all sectors of the economy and close relations between the government and businesses are a crucial factor in succeeding in business. The country’s judicial system is inefficient and is also plagued by corruption and a culture of impunity.

3. Sudan

Corruption exists in every sector of the economy and in every level of the Sudanese government. It takes the form of “financial and political corruption, nepotism, and misuse of power”.

4. Equatorial Guinea

According to Transparency International, the control of corruption in Equatorial Guinea is among the lowest 1% in the world, with citizens of the country believing that many public authorities perform for personal gain.

5. Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau is the 168 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the fifth most corrupt country in Africa according to the 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

6. DR Congo

A range of factors contribute to the DRC’s high corruption levels. Weak democracy allows corrupt politicians to maintain power, while ineffective institutions give opportunities for corruption rather than preventing it. People who expose or oppose corrupt systems are suppressed.

The country also has low levels of stateness, a key tool that undemocratic regimes can use against corruption: also, the government doesn’t control its own army, competes for local power with many militias and has little control of movement through its eastern borders.

7. Congo

Congo is the 165 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the seventh most corrupt country in Africa according to the 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

8. Burundi

Despite the establishment of anti-corruption agencies, Burundi is facing a deepening corruption crisis that jeopardises prospects for lasting peace and stability. The country was ranked 165 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the eighth most corrupt country in Africa.

9. Chad

Corruption in Chad pervades all levels of the economy and is perpetuated by a weak rule of law and a lack of security.

Key anti-corruption legislation includes the anti-corruption law, which criminalizes active and passive bribery and stipulates harsh penalties. However, enforcement is poor, and prosecutions usually target political opponents of the government.

Chad is the 162 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the 9th most corrupt in Africa according to the 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

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10. Eritrea

Eritrea is the 160 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the 10th most corrupt country in Africa according to the 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

Top 30 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020


RankCountry
1Somalia
2South Sudan
3Sudan
4Equatorial Guinea
5Guinea Bissau
6D.R Congo
7Congo
8Burundi
9Chad
10Eritrea
11Zimbabwe
12Madagascar
13Central African Republic
14Cameroom
15Comoros
16Angola
17Mozambique
18Nigeria
19Uganda
20Mauritania

Top 30 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The countries below are the least corrupt countries in Africa


RankCountry
1Botswana
2Cabo Verde
3Rwanda
4Mauritius
5Namibia
6Sao Tome and
Principe
7Senegal
8South Africa
9Tunisia
10Benin
11Ghana
12Morocco
13Burkina Faso
14Lesotho
15Ethiopia
16Gambia
17Tanzania
18Algeria
19Cote d’Ivoire
20Egypt
21Eswatini
22Zambia
23Sierra Leone
24Niger
25Gabon
26Malawi
27Djibouti
28Guinea
29Mali
30Togo

To reduce corruption and restore trust in politics, Transparency International recommends that governments:

– Reinforce checks and balances and promote separation of powers.

– Tackle preferential treatment to ensure budgets and public services aren’t driven by personal connections or biased towards special interests;

– Control political financing to prevent excessive money and influence in politics;

– Manage conflicts of interest and address “revolving doors”;

– Regulate lobbying activities by promoting open and meaningful access to decision-making;

– Strengthen electoral integrity and prevent and sanction misinformation campaigns;

– Empower citizens and protect activists, whistleblowers and journalists.

Methodology

Corruption Perception index offers an annual snapshot of the relative degree of corruption by ranking countries and territories from all over the globe. In 2012, Transparency International revised the methodology used to construct the index to allow for comparison of scores from one year to the next. The 2019 CPI draws on surveys and expert assessments to measure public sector corruption in 180 countries and territories, giving each a score from zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).

The Index aggregates data from a number of different sources that provide perceptions by business people and country experts of the level of corruption in the public sector.


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