Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2021

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According to Transparency International, Somalia is the most corrupt country in Africa, while Botswana is the least corrupt country in Africa.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The latest Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries on a rating scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (Highly clean) in the world.
Seychelles, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Rwanda, Namibia and Mauritius are among the most transparent nations in Africa. While Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Guinea Bissau and Equatorial Guinea are the most corrupt nations in Africa and the world.

Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The latest corruption perceptions index ranks countries on a rating scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (Highly clean) in the world.

With a score of 66, the Seychelles earns the highest mark in Africa, followed by Botswana (60), Cabo Verde (58), Rwanda (54) and Mauritius (53). At the bottom of the index are Somalia (12), South Sudan (16), Sudan (16) and Equatorial Guinea (16).
Significant improvers since 2012, Cote d’Ivoire (35) and Senegal (45) still have much work to do.

With an average score of 32, Sub-Saharan Africa is the lowest performing region on the CPI, showing little improvement from previous years and underscoring a need for urgent action.

Across the region, the COVID-19 pandemic highlights structural gaps in national health care systems, corruption risks associated with public procurement and the misappropriation of emergency funds. The economic shock of the pandemic led to protests and dissent in many countries, including South Africa, Angola and Zimbabwe. About rising costs of living,
corruption and the widespread misuse of emergency funds. In South Africa, an audit of COVID-19 expenditures revealed overpricing, fraud and corruption.

Since 2012, several countries, including Congo, Libya, Madagascar (24) and Malawi  have significantly declined on the CPI.

Following four decades of authoritarian rule, Angola (27) jumped one point in this year’s CPI, making it a minor improver.

Isabel Dos Santos, the former president’s daughter, who is also known as “Africa’s richest woman”, was fired from her job as head of the state oil and gas firm, Sonangol, months after President Lourenço’s election. In December 2019, as investigations into corruption allegations progressed, an Angolan court ordered a freeze of Dos Santos’s assets and also charged her with fraud and embezzlement.

Down in West Africa, Ghana climbed seven points on the CPI, moving from 41 in 2019 to 43 in 2020.

Revelations of bribery in Ghana’s high court in 2015 and the murder of investigative journalist Ahmed Hussein-Suale in early 2019 cast serious doubts on the country’s anti corruption efforts. Despite these developments, there is hope for change.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2021

Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

1. Somalia

Somalia is the most corrupt country in Africa. Insecurity is also a major issue; Corrupt government officials tolerate illegal activities in return for bribes. Dysfunctional institutions facilitate an environment of lawlessness, and the absence of any form of regulatory framework hinders prospects of economic competitiveness.

Somalia’s Provisional Constitution criminalizes several forms of corruption (including abuse of office, embezzlement and bribery); however, implementation is non-existent.

2. South Sudan

South Sudan is the second most corrupt country in Africa, after Somalia.

Bribery is widespread in all sectors of the economy and close relations between the government and businesses are a crucial factor in succeeding in business. The country’s judicial system is inefficient and is also plagued by corruption and a culture of impunity.

3. Sudan

Corruption exists in every sector of Sudan’s economy and in every level of the Sudanese government. It takes the form of “financial and political corruption, nepotism, and misuse of power”. The country is the third most corrupt country in Africa.

4. Equatorial Guinea

According to Transparency International, the control of corruption in Equatorial Guinea is among the lowest 1% in the world, with citizens of the country believing that many public authorities perform for personal gain. The country is the fourth most corrupt country in Africa.

5. Libya

Corruption presents a significant obstacle for companies doing business in Libya. All sectors in the Libyan economy suffer from widespread corruption; however, the public procurement sector and the oil industry are among the most affected. Bribery and favoritism are common practice in all sectors, and companies may struggle with unfair competition from state-owned businesses, which also dominate the local market. Corruption was rampant under Gaddafi’s rule, and the situation has only worsened in the post-revolution period.

6. DR Congo

A range of factors contribute to the DRC’s high corruption levels. Weak democracy allows corrupt politicians to maintain power, while ineffective institutions give opportunities for corruption rather than preventing it. People who expose or oppose corrupt systems are suppressed.

The country also has low levels of stateness, a key tool that undemocratic regimes can use against corruption: also, the government doesn’t control its own army, competes for local power with many militias and has little control of movement through its eastern borders.

7. Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau is the 165 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the seventh most corrupt country in Africa according to the 2020 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

8. Congo

Congo is the 165 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the eighth most corrupt country in Africa according to the 2020 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

9. Burundi

Despite the establishment of anti-corruption agencies, Burundi is facing a deepening corruption crisis that jeopardizes prospects for lasting peace and stability. The country was ranked 165 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the ninth most corrupt country in Africa.

10. Chad

Corruption in Chad pervades all levels of the economy and is perpetuated by a weak rule of law and a lack of security.

Key anti-corruption legislation includes the anti-corruption law, which criminalizes active and passive bribery and stipulates harsh penalties. However, enforcement is poor, and prosecutions usually target political opponents of the government.

Chad is the 160th least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the 10th most corrupt in Africa according to the latest Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International.

 

Top 30 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020


Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020


Rank Country
1 Somalia
2 South Sudan
3 Sudan
4 Equatorial Guinea
5 Libya
6 D.R Congo
7 Guinea Bissau
8 Congo
9 Burundi
10 Chad
11 Eritrea
12 Comoros
13 Zimbabwe
14 Madagascar
15 Cameroon
16 Mozambique
17 Nigeria
18 Central Africa Rep.
19 Angola
20 Uganda

Top 30 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The countries below are the least corrupt countries in Africa


Rank Country
1 Seychelles
2 Botswana
3 Cabo Verde
4 Rwanda
5 Mauritus
6 Namibia
7

São Tomé and Príncipe

8 Senegal
9 South Africa
10 Tunisia
11 Ghana
12 Benin
13 Lesotho
14 Morocco
15 Burkina Faso
16 Tanzania
17 Ethiopia
18 Gambia
19 Cote d’Ivoire
20 Algeria
21 Egypt
22 Eswatini
23 Zambia
24 Sierra Leone
25 Niger
26 Kenya
27 Gabon
28 Malawi
29 Mali
30 Togo

To reduce corruption and restore trust in politics, Transparency International recommends that governments:

– Reinforce checks and balances and promote separation of powers.

– Tackle preferential treatment to ensure budgets and public services aren’t driven by personal connections or biased towards special interests;

– Control political financing to prevent excessive money and influence in politics;

– Manage conflicts of interest and address “revolving doors”;

– Regulate lobbying activities by promoting open and meaningful access to decision-making;

– Strengthen electoral integrity and prevent and sanction misinformation campaigns;

– Empower citizens and protect activists, whistleblowers and journalists.

Methodology

Corruption Perception index offers an annual snapshot of the relative degree of corruption by ranking countries and territories from all over the globe. In 2012, Transparency International revised the methodology used to construct the index to allow for comparison of scores from one year to the next. The 2020 CPI draws on surveys and expert assessments to measure public sector corruption in 180 countries and territories, giving each a score from zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).

The Index aggregates data from a number of different sources that provide perceptions by business people and country experts of the level of corruption in the public sector.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

According to another index, (TRACE 2020 Bribery Risk Matrix), These 10 African countries have a very low bribery index

The anti-bribery standard-setting organization TRACE has released this year’s Bribery Risk Matrix, which measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.

According to the 2020 data, North Korea, Turkmenistan, South Sudan, Venezuela and Eritrea present the highest commercial bribery risk, while Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and New Zealand present the lowest.

The score is based on four factors: business interactions with government, anti-bribery deterrence and enforcement, government and civil service transparency, and capacity for civil society oversight, including the role of the media.

Each country is given a score from 1 to 100 for each domain and the total bribery risk. A higher score indicates a higher risk of business bribery. Assessments of whether a given domain score is “good” or “poor” are made relative to all other jurisdictions within that domain.

Below are the ten African countries that have the least possibility of public officials asking for bribes.

top 20 most corrupt countries in Africa 2021

1. Mauritius

Mauritius ranked 44 globally with an overall score of 35 (essentially ranking first in Africa). On the parameter used to measure the risk of bribery, it ranked 34 on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 38 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 42 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Mauritius receives a good score of 28 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

2. Botswana

Botswana was ranked 53 (and second in Africa) with an overall score of 39.

On Business Interactions with Government, the East African country scored 43 based on a medium degree of government interaction, a low expectation of bribes, and a medium regulatory burden.

However, it scored 29 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on the high quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

Botswana received a medium score of 49 Government and Civil Service Transparency. It was based on medium governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

On building the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, Botswana received a good score of 28 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

3. Tunisia

Tunisia ranked 55 (and third in Africa) with an overall risk score of 40. On Business Interactions with Government, the North African country scored 42 based on a medium degree of government interaction, a low expectation of bribes, and a medium regulatory burden.

However, it scored 50 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on high quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

Tunisia received a medium score of 46 Government and Civil Service Transparency. It was based on medium governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

On building the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight Botswana received a good score of 24 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

Top 10 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

4. Namibia

Namibia’s overall position was 58 (and fourth in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 41. It ranked 44 on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 51 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 43 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Namibia received a good score of 27 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

5. South Africa

South Africa Overall ranked 61 (and fifth in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 41. On the factors used to assess the countries, it scored 51 Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

South Africa received a medium score of 60 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement, based on low quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and medium quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, South Africa received a good score of 29, based on good governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. South Africa received a good score of 24 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

6. Cape verde

Cape verde’s overall position was 63 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 40. It ranked 38th on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 42 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Namibia received a good score of 36 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

7. Seychelles

Seychelles’s overall position was 42 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 43.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 43 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

8. Senegal

Cape verde’s overall position was 43 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 46.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

9. Ghana

Ghana overall position was 44 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 52.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 50 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

10. Rwanda

Rwanda overall position was 47 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 34.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

Methodology

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix (TRACE Matrix) measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions. The overall country risk score is a combined and weighted score of four domains: Business Interactions with Government; Anti-Bribery Deterrence and Enforcement; Government and Civil Service Transparency; and Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media. The domain scores are derived from nine subdomains. The TRACE Matrix was originally developed in 2014 in collaboration with RAND Corporation. It is updated annually by TRACE.

About Trace

TRACE is a globally recognized business association dedicated to anti-bribery, compliance and good governance and leading provider of shared-cost third party risk management solutions. Members and clients include over 500 multinational companies located worldwide. TRACE is headquartered in the United States and registered in Canada, with a presence on five continents. For more information.

uzoclinton92@gmail.com'
Uzonna Anele
Anele is a web developer and a Pan-Africanist who believes bad leadership is the only thing keeping Africa from taking its rightful place in the modern world.

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