Global hunger levels have declined by 28% since 2000 — which is an incredible achievement. However, in almost half of the 119 countries Listwand studied, hunger levels were serious or alarming.
The Central African Republic (CAR) remains at the top of this list as the “hungriest country in the world.” CAR has suffered from instability, ethnic violence and conflict since 2012, disrupting food production and displacing over one million people; 2.5 million people — more than half of its population are hungry. More than half the population are in need of humanitarian assistance.
They are closely followed by Chad, Madagascar, Zambia, Sierra Leone.
Here are the top 20 hungriest countries in Africa according to the 2018 Global Hunger Index.
14. Congo, Rep.
Africa’s Most populous nation is the tenth hungriest country in Africa, the country has suffered from a destructive combination of political instability and terrorism, More than 150 million of the general the population lives on less than $2 a day, and the activities of herdsmen has limited food production in some parts of the country.
A recent report by the world food Programme revealed “Borno State has the largest number of people that are facing food crisis with over 1.2 million people, while 186,608 people are in urgent need of assistance.
Despite their sustained economic and agriculture sector growth, Uganda still suffers from the hardships of widespread poverty, hunger and malnutrition. Under nutrition is widespread, with 36 percent of the children chronically undernourished or stunted.
In Zimbabwe, a landlocked country with a population of just over 16 million, In 2018, more than 1.1 million people face food insecurity at the peak of the lean season, as poor rains and erratic weather patterns have a negative impact on crop harvests and livelihood prospects. The country’s food security situation is fragile.
More than 15% of Liberian families don’t know where their next meal will come from. Hit hard by Ebola in 2014, the country’s existing economic troubles have only deepened. Poverty and food insecurity are high in Liberia, particularly in rural areas— where more than half of the population lives.
Sudan has spent decades facing violence and conflict, including two civil wars. The recent resurgence of fighting in South Sudan has resulted in more than 2.4 million refugees, many of whom have fled to neighboring Sudan and require emergency food assistance. A quarter of the country faces hunger and nearly 40% of children under five are stunted. Sudan has also been affected by El Niño, causing food production to drop and hunger levels to rise.
5. Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone is fifth most hungriest country in Africa with alarming levels of hunger. Despite relative political stability and peace after a decade-long civil war, rampant poverty continues to leave Sierra Leone towards the bottom of the Human Development Index.
Despite enjoying a long period of peace and stability, climate change has severely impacted this landlocked country where most farmers rely on rains to grow their crops. 60% of the population lives in poverty, and stunting impacts 40% of Zambia’s children.
Every year, Madagascar is hit by an average of 1.5 cyclones: the highest number in Africa. The combination of extreme storms, long periods of drought — and even locust attacks — has led to failed harvests and widespread hunger. Almost 50% of children under five are stunted and over half suffer from chronic hunger.
Chad which neighbors CAR to the north, is the second most hungriest African country in 2018 with a GHI score 45.4. According to FAO, the primary factors behind Chad’s worsening food security situation are the following: “
”conflict and instability in neighboring countries and related population movements, poor terms of trade for pastoralists, the ongoing agricultural lean season, exacerbated by chronic poverty, low economic development and climate variability
1. Central African Republic
The Central African Republic is the hungriest country in Africa. With a score of 53.7, CAR,is also the hungriest country in the world. The country suffers from a level of hunger that 2018 Global Hunger Index described as extremely alarming with 60% of the population undernourished., the highest in this year’s report, and its child mortality rate of almost 15% percent, the third highest in the report. The country’s child stunting and child wasting estimates are also high and cause for great concern.
As of December 2017, more than 1 million people had been displaced, internally or internationally, out of a population of just 5 million. The inability of displaced people to engage in typical agricultural activities further disrupts food supplies and contributes to food insecurity (FAO 2018a).
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