Top 10 Most Underdeveloped Countries in Africa, 2018

Must Read

Cameroon’s Italia 90 World Cup Team to Get Houses Promised To Them 30 Years Ago

Cameroon's famous side that reached the quarter-finals of the 1990 World Cup in Italy before being defeated 3–2 by...

Misery Index: South Africa Has The Third Most ‘Miserable Economy’ In The World

South Africa has been ranked as the world's most miserable economy after Venezuela and Argentina. Bloomberg's Misery Index, which ranks...

Fighting Slavery With Suicide: The Fascinating Story of Africa’s Kru People

The Kru or Kroo are a West African ethnic group who are indigenous to eastern Liberia. During the Slave trade era, they were also infamous amongst early European slave raiders as being especially averse to capture



This is a list of the most underdeveloped countries in Africa by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report. The latest report was released on 14 September 2018 and is based on data collected in 2017.

Top 10 Most Under-developed Countries in Africa, 2018

What is IHDI?
Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) is a standard way of measuring the well-being of the people of a country. The IHDI combines a country’s average achievements in health, education and income with how those achievements are distributed among country’s population by “discounting” each dimension’s average value according to its level of inequality.

Developed in this context means Human Development, and not the one you have in mind

The IHDI represents a national average of human development achievements in the three basic dimensions making up the HDI: health, education and income. Unlike all averages, it also reveals disparities in human development across the population within the same country.

Here is a brief overview of the top 2 most under-developed African countries in terms of Human development, 2018.

Niger (1) – IHDI: 0.354

Ranked 189 in the world, Niger is the most under developed country in Africa (human development). Life expectancy in this country is around 60 years. Gross national income (GNI) per capita is set at $906

Central African Republic (2) – IHDI: 0.367

Ranked 188 in the world, Central African Republic also made the bottom list… The country is the second most under-developed nation in Africa (human development).

Below is the top 15 most under developed countries in Africa, 2018

Related:   Nigerian Civil War Officially Ended On This Day When Biafra Disbanded and Joined Nigeria
Country IHDI Score Africa Rank World Rank
Gambia 0.468 15 174
Guinea 0.459 14 175
Congo DR 0.457 13 176
Guinea-Bissau 0.455 12 177
Eritrea 0.440 11 179
Mozambique 0.437 10 180
Liberia 0.435 9 181
Mali 0.427 8 182
Burkina Faso 0.423 7 183
Sierra Leone 0.419 6 184
Burundi 0.417 5 185
Chad 0.404 4 186
South Sudan 0.388 3 187
Central African R. 0.367 2 188
Niger 0.354 1 189

Source: United Nations Development Programme



Uzonna Anele
Anele is a web developer and a Pan-Africanist who believes bad leadership is the only thing keeping Africa from taking its rightful place in the modern world.

Subscribe to receive email updates

With a subscription profile, you automatically receive updates without having to return to the website and check for changes

Just In

Cameroon’s Italia 90 World Cup Team to Get Houses Promised To Them 30 Years Ago

Cameroon's famous side that reached the quarter-finals of the 1990 World Cup in Italy before being defeated 3–2 by...

Misery Index: South Africa Has The Third Most ‘Miserable Economy’ In The World

South Africa has been ranked as the world's most miserable economy after Venezuela and Argentina. Bloomberg's Misery Index, which ranks major economies by inflation and...

Fighting Slavery With Suicide: The Fascinating Story of Africa’s Kru People

The Kru or Kroo are a West African ethnic group who are indigenous to eastern Liberia. During the Slave trade era, they were also infamous amongst early European slave raiders as being especially averse to capture

The Mbuti People Of Congo And Their Sister Exchange Form Of Marriage

In the Mbuti tribe, marriage is by sister exchange: Based on reciprocal exchange, men from other bands exchange sisters or other females in his...

Slavery Abolition Act 1833: Slavery Was Abolished Throughout The British Empire On This Day

The Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 that abolished slavery in most British colonies, freeing more than 800,000 enslaved Africans in the Caribbean and South Africa and making the purchase or ownership of slaves illegal

More Articles Like This