There are various factors that influence life expectancy, including diet, public health, medical care, economic circumstances, gender differences, crime rate, wars etc. With that said, it comes as no surprise that most African countries are plagued low life expectancy.
According to world population review, these are the top10 Countries With The Lowest Life Expectancy In Africa.
10. Burundi (58.394)
Female – 60.43
One of the world´s most densely populated countries, Burundi has been through uneasy times. Bouts of ethnic cleansing and ultimately two civil wars and genocides during the 1970s and again in the 1990s left the country undeveloped and extremely poor. Burundians often have to deal with weak infrastructure, poor access to health and education services, and even hunger. No wonder this country has an average life expectancy of just 58 years.
9. Guinea-Bissau (58.392)
Male – 56.626
Female – 60.152
Located in West Africa, Guinea-Bissau has extremely bad records in practically all healthcare-related fields. There are fewer than 5 physicians per 100,000 persons in the country; 9% of the population is infected with malaria while cholera rates are on the rise. Maternal and infant mortality reach alarming numbers in Guinea-Bissau and it is estimated that about half of local women had undergone female genital mutilation.
8. South Sudan (57.97)
Male – 56.898
FeMale – 59.06
South Sudan officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa with a population of 12 million.
The value for Life expectancy at birth, in South Sudan was 57.33 as of 2015 while these days, it is over 55 years.
7. Somalia (57.332)
Male – 55.664
FeMale – 59.07
Located in Eastern Africa, Somalia is a poor, mid-sized country notorious for ongoing civil war and unrests as a number of armed factions have been competing for influence in the country. Somalia’s public healthcare system as well as other parts of its infrastructure was largely destroyed during the war, leaving most of its population without access to basic healthcare and medical services.
6. Lesotho (55.106)
Male – 52.87
FeMale – 57.1
Completely surrounded by South Africa, Lesotho is a small country with just over 2 million inhabitants. In this country, an enormous HIV/AIDS prevalence is one of the biggest problems. In the most urban areas, about 50% of women under 40 are infected with the virus. However, the situation has been slowly improving. In 2006, life expectancy in Lesotho was estimated at just 42 years while these days, it is over 55 years.
5. Ivory Coast (54.828)
Male – 53.392
FeMale – 56.374
Another West African country, Ivory Coast has a relatively high income per capita but in terms of healthcare, it still has a lot to work on. There is an enormous lack of physicians in the country (only 12 physicians per 100,000 people) and more than a third of local women undergo female genital mutilation, an extremely painful practice as a result of which many girls and women die. Moreover, HIV/AIDS is also a significant problem.
4. Nigeria (54.542)
Male – 53.72
FeMale – 55.394
With its 200 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. Unfortunately, only half of the population has access to potable water and appropriate sanitation, which – combined with widespread sectarian violence and other socio-pathogenic problems – has resulted in a very low average life expectancy.
3. Central African Republic (53.836)
Male – 51.832
FeMale – 55.864
One of the poorest countries in the world, the Central African Republic had the second lowest level of human development, ranking 187th out of 188 countries in 2014. As the country´s population has been permanently devastated by a variety of diseases and health-related problems including measles, malaria, HIV/AIDS, female genital mutilation etc., it currently has the lowest average life expectancy in the world at less than 51 years.
2. Chad (53.636)
Male – 52.4
FeMale – 54.892
Constantly plagued by political violence and recurrent attempted coups d’état, Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world. Chad’s cities face serious difficulties of municipal infrastructure; only 48% of urban residents have access to potable water and only 2% to basic sanitation. People living in rural areas are even worse off as they often lack even food and basic every-day supplies.
1. Sierra Leone (52.706)
Male – 52.054
FeMale – 53.366
A small West African country, Sierra Leone has been affected by the Sierra Leone Civil War (1991 – 2002) that left more than 50,000 people dead, much of the country’s infrastructure destroyed, and over 2 million people displaced. More recently, the 2014 Ebola outbreak overburdened the weak healthcare infrastructure, leading to more deaths from medical neglect than Ebola itself. The country now has an extremely low life expectancy at just over 46 years