Monkeypox outbreak in Nigeria
Following the outbreak of Monkeypox in two states in Nigeria, Bayelsa State, Rivers state. I felt I needed to enlighten people about the hideous virus.
Here are things yOu need to know about the hideos Monkeypox virus
What is Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a veey hideos and rare disease that is caused by infection with monkeypox virus.
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research, hence the name ‘monkeypox.’
The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox. Since then monkeypox has been reported in humans in other central and western African countries.
The 2003 outbreak in the United States is the only time monkeypox infections in humans was documented outside of Africa was in 2003, in the United States, and it was traced to a pet store where imported Gambian pouched rats were sold.
The natural reservoir of monkeypox remains unknown. However, African rodent species are expected to play a role in transmission.
What are the symptoms of Monkeypox?
In humans, the symptoms of monkeypox are similar to the symptoms of smallpox.
Monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion. The main difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not.
The incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 7−14 days but can range from 5−21 days.
According to CDC (Centre For Disease Control) The illness begins with:
- Muscle aches
- Swollen lymph nodes
Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body.
The illness typically lasts for 2−4 weeks. In Africa, monkeypox has been shown to cause death in as many as 1 in 10 persons who contract the disease.
How is it spread?
Transmission of monkeypox virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus.
Monkey pox virus can also enter the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract, or the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).
Animal-to-human transmission may occur by bite or scratch, bush meat preparation, direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, or indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated bedding.
Other human-to-human methods of transmission include direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens.
Prevention and treatment
Currently, there is no proven, safe treatment for monkeypox. Smallpox vaccine has been reported to reduce the risk of monkeypox among previously vaccinated persons in Africa.
- Close physical contact with monkeypox infected people should be avoided.
- Gloves and protective equipment should be worn when taking care of ill people.
- Gloves and other appropriate protective clothing should be worn while handling sick animals or their infected tissues, and during slaughtering procedures.
- Thoroughly cook all animal products before eating.
- Avoid contact with animals that could harbor the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
- Avoid contact with any materials, such as bedding, that has been in contact with a sick animal.
- Isolate infected patients from others who could be at risk for infection.
- Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans. For example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.