Grand Mosque of Algiers: China Builds Africa’s Largest Mosque Worth $2 billion in Algeria
The King Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco will no longer be the largest mosque in Africa, as a new billion-dollar mega-mosque with the world’s tallest minaret is nearing completion in the capital city of Algiers, Algeria.
After almost a decade of delay caused by budget constraints, the grand mosque, that can hold up to 120,000 worshippers, will finally be opened this year, thanks to Chinese state contractors who are finalising all aspects of the building.
Algerian officials have been considering the idea of having a mega-mosque since 1962 when the country gained independence from France. This dream started becoming a reality in 2012 when the country signed a deal with Chinese state-owned contractor, China State Construction Engineering Corporation.
The Algerian government allocated approximately 1 billion euros (over 1 billion dollars) for the project of the Great Mosque, said the CGTN.
The Djamaa El Djazair, otherwise known as the Grand Mosque of Algiers, is located in the al-Mohammadiya area of Algiers and extends to an area of 200,000 square meters.
When completed, it will be the world’s third-largest mosque by area, after the pilgrimage mosques in Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia. Its 265-metre minaret (a slender tower used to call Muslims to prayer) will, however, be the tallest in the world, overlooking the Bay of Algiers.
The grand mosque, which will include a one-million book library, a Koranic school and a museum of Islamic art and history, would be a “one-of-a-kind.”
“There will be nothing like it in the world – religiously, touristically and economically,” Religious Affairs Minister Bouabdallah Ghlamallah
said in 2012 after Algeria signed the deal with the Chinese state firm.
Most leaders in the Islamic world have, over the years, established magnificent mosques to enhance their political legitimacy, according to observers.
Algerian leader, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who has been in power since 1999 until recently, said he wanted to “leave his mark” by building the magnificent place of worship.
The minaret of the 22-hectare complex would have 43 floors. Each floor would contain a museum that documents a specific historical era of Islam. There will be three floors under the mosque including a car park with a capacity to hold 6,000 vehicles, said Al Arabiya English.
The whole mosque complex, which comprises more than 400,000 square metres, has an adjacent park, public square, cultural centre, housing, a fire station and a library that can host 6,000 people at a time.
The mosque also has solar panels and a system that would allow it to retain water which will then be recycled for other uses.
When the construction of the mosque began in 2012, it employed about 2,300 construction workers, engineers and managers. An additional 17,000 people were employed indirectly as subcontractors, said a report.
Earlier, experts warned against the risks of the mosque being destroyed in an earthquake as Algiers spans two major plates and is regularly hit by earthquakes.
Madani told the AFP in 2016 that a mechanism which can absorb earth movements has been put into place. This would enable the complex to withstand a magnitude 9.0 earthquake.
Officials may be elated about the grand edifice, but critics believe that the huge money involved in the project could have been spent elsewhere – like building hospitals, improving healthcare and education.