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Corruption in Africa: Top 10 African Countries With The Lowest Commercial Bribery Risk

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The anti-bribery standard-setting organization TRACE has released this year’s Bribery Risk Matrix, which measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.

Corruption in Africa: These are the Top 10 African Countries With The Lowest Commercial Bribery Risk

According to the 2020 data, South Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia and Equitorial Guinea present the highest commercial bribery risk in Africa, while Mauritius, Botswana, Tunisia and Namibia present the lowest.

TRACE first launched its Bribery Risk Matrix in 2014 with chief compliance officers in mind to meet a need in the business community for more reliable information about commercial bribery risk worldwide.

The score is based on four factors: business interactions with government, anti-bribery deterrence and enforcement, government and civil service transparency, and capacity for civil society oversight, including the role of the media.

Each country is given a score from 1 to 100 for each domain and the total bribery risk. A higher score indicates a higher risk of business bribery. Assessments of whether a given domain score is “good” or “poor” are made relative to all other jurisdictions within that domain.

The 10 African countries below have a low bribery culture

Corruption in Africa: These are the Top 10 African Countries With The Lowest Commercial Bribery Risk

1. Mauritius

Mauritius ranked 44 globally with an overall score of 35 (essentially ranking first in Africa). On the parameter used to measure the risk of bribery, it ranked 34 on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 38 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 42 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Mauritius receives a good score of 28 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

2. Botswana

Botswana was ranked 53 (and second in Africa) with an overall score of 39.

On Business Interactions with Government, the East African country scored 43 based on a medium degree of government interaction, a low expectation of bribes, and a medium regulatory burden.

However, it scored 29 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on the high quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

Botswana received a medium score of 49 Government and Civil Service Transparency. It was based on medium governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

On building the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, Botswana received a good score of 28 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

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3. Tunisia

Tunisia ranked 55 (and third in Africa) with an overall risk score of 40. On Business Interactions with Government, the North African country scored 42 based on a medium degree of government interaction, a low expectation of bribes, and a medium regulatory burden.

However, it scored 50 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on high quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

Tunisia received a medium score of 46 Government and Civil Service Transparency. It was based on medium governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

On building the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight Botswana received a good score of 24 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

4. Namibia

Namibia’s overall position was 58 (and fourth in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 41. It ranked 44 on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

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It scored 51 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 43 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Namibia received a good score of 27 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

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5. South Africa

South Africa is Africa’s second-largest economy. Overall, it ranked 61 (and fifth in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 41. On the factors used to assess the countries, it scored 51 Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

South Africa received a medium score of 60 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement, based on low quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and medium quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, South Africa received a good score of 29, based on good governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. South Africa received a good score of 24 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

Corruption in Africa: These are the Top 10 African Countries With The Lowest Commercial Bribery Risk

6. Cape verde

Cape verde’s overall position was 63 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 40. It ranked 38th on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 42 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Namibia received a good score of 36 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

7. Seychelles

Seychelles’s overall position was 42 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 43.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 43 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

8. Senegal

Cape verde’s overall position was 43 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 46.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

9. Ghana

Ghana overall position was 44 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 52.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 50 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

Corruption in Africa: These are the Top 10 African Countries With The Lowest Commercial Bribery Risk

10. Rwanda

Rwanda overall position was 47 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 34.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

About Trace

TRACE is a globally recognized business association dedicated to anti-bribery, compliance and good governance and leading provider of shared-cost third party risk management solutions. Members and clients include over 500 multinational companies located worldwide. TRACE is headquartered in the United States and registered in Canada, with a presence on five continents. For more information.



Uzonna Anele
Anele is a web developer and a Pan-Africanist who believes bad leadership is the only thing keeping Africa from taking its rightful place in the modern world.

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