Climate change, simply put change in weather patterns, according to ncf (Nigerian Conservation Foundation) is unarguably the biggest environmental issue of our time, it is global in its causes but it,s consequences are far more reaching in developing countries particularly Nigeria.
Nobody can deny that erratic rainfall, low agricultural output, higher temperature to mention but a few are becoming far too common than they have been in the past in Nigeria. According to Experts, the effects of climate change you are about to read below are just the beginning, and if it continues unchecked, bad things are sure to happen. Having said all of that, these are the 8 Unfortunate Effects Of Climate Change In Nigeria
1. Increase in heat related illness
More frequent heatwaves and higher temperature in the north has increased the number of heat related illnesses and death such as meningitis, cataracts, malaria and yellow fever etc the heat in the north presently has being dubbed the ‘worst in living memory’
2. Erratic rainfall
The past used to be a reliable predictor of future weather, but not anymore it isn’t, and this is due to the climate change.
3. water bodies are drying up
Water bodies are also drying up and this is as a result of the high temperature brought about by climate change.
Declining rainfall in already desert-prone areas in northern Nigeria is causing increasing drought and desertification.
5. Drop in agrucultural yields
Dessertification and erratic rainfall in northern Nigeria also caused by Climate change has led to extended drought and an estimated 20% drop in crop yields across the rest of Nigeria.
The combination of a growing cattle population and the effects of climate change on the availability of water and forage crops, has led to the increasing tensions between farming communities and Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria.
7. Climate change has led many into changing their trade
The country’s large rural population that depend on farming and fishery are the ones bearing the brunt of the whole thing, its no news that about 70% of Nigerian farmers are dependent on rainfed agriculture but the erratic rainfall coupled with the erratic availability of water has led -to an extent- most farmers and fishermen to give up their trade.
8. Other effects
Other effects of climate change in Nigeria includes; extreme weather cinditions, sand storms, desertification, flooding, high cost of construction especially in the coastal areas.