A new report by the Economist Intelligent Unit has placed six African cities among the 10 least liveable cities in the world in 2018.
The report by the Economist Intelligent Unit measures the livability of cities all over the world using different ratings. Under stability, the organisation checks for petty and violent crimes as well as terror and military and civil conflict.
It also measures healthcare which includes the presence and quality of public and private healthcare, and over the counter drugs. The third category looks at the environmental and cultural factors such as humidity, climate, censorship, corruption, religious restrictions, food and drink and consumer goods. In the education category, the report considers the quality and availability of private education and the status of public education.
The final category is infrastructure which measures quality of road network, public transport and international links. It also looked at the provision of water, housing and energy as well as telecommunications.
According to the report, The Middle East, Africa and Asia account for the ten lowest-scoring cities in the survey where violence, whether through crime, civil insurgency, terrorism or war, has played a strong role.
Of the 140 surveyed cities, 49% registered negative changes in their overall liveability rank in the past six months and 34% experienced positive movements (the rest did not record any change). Yet, despite
the total number of negative movements outweighing the positive ones, the rankings show that overall liveability across all cities surveyed increased by 0.7% in the past six months and 0.9% in the past year.
Improvements were recorded across all five categories measured infrastructure, stability, education, healthcare, culture and environment—but especially in stability, which increased by 2.5% overall
Using these ratings, South Africa’s Johannesburg had the best score of 69.1 per cent, ranked 92 in the world together with Rio de Janeiro. Its
ranking was let down by increased rates of crime in the city.
Ivory Coast’s Abidjan is the world’s most improved city ranked 124 with a score of 52.2 per cent, a 6.3 per cent increase within five years.
The least liveable cities were ranked poorly in presence and quality of infrastructure as well as presence of conflict and violence.
Below are the least liveable cities in africa
Culture and Environment: 49.7
5. Algiers, Algeria
Culture and Environment: 45.4
4. Douala, Cameroon
Culture and Environment: 44.4
3. Tripoli, Libya
Culture and Environment: 40.3
2. Harare, Zimbabwe
Culture and Environment: 58.6
1. Lagos, Nigeria
Culture and Environment: 53.5