One thing all Africans have in common is our passionate hatred of mosquitoes. it is something we all dread..! mostly because of the malaria it spreads… So what do you know about them? These are 10 Facts About Mosquitoes You Might Not Know.
1. They Are Deadlier Than You Think
Mosquitoes are often considered the deadliest animal in the world. Due to infecting people with malaria, they kill over 1 million people annually with an estimated 90% of all malaria cases and deaths occurring in Africa. In 2016, an estimated 303,000 African children died before their fifth birthday due to malaria.
2. Only Female Mosquitoes Bite
Female mosquitoes bite Because they need the protein found in our blood to help their eggs develop.
3. Mosquito Saliva
Mosquitoes actually inject their saliva while they are sucking. Their saliva serves as a mild painkiller and anticoagulant that keeps their prey from noticing them and keeps the blood flowing.
4. The Bumps From Mosquito Bites
The reason people get bumps from mosquito bites is that most of us are slightly allergic to their saliva.
5. How Do They Detect Humans
Mosquitoes can detect humans by the carbon dioxide that we exhale. They are also attracted to sweat, perfume, and certain bacteria.
6. They Also Feed on Animals
Mosquitoes will feed on more than just humans so long as blood is found there. Some species will also prey on reptiles, cattles etc.
7. They Thrive in Hot Places
Since they are cold blooded, mosquitoes require warm temperatures. If the gets too cold, they’ll either go into hibernation or die. This is the main reason why Africa is the most affected by mosquitoes.
8. They can’t transmit HIV
While it’s true that mosquitoes spread several serious diseases and viruses, one thing they can’t transmit is HIV. Not only does the virus not duplicate in the mosquito’s system, but their stomach breaks the virus down.
Mosquitos don’t have teeth. They mostly just feed on plant nectar and fruit and also sucks blood with a long and serrated mouthpart called a proboscis.
10. Why Insecticides Don’t Always Work
Insecticide-based control measures (e.g., indoor spraying with insecticides, ITNs) are the principal way to kill mosquitoes that bite indoors. However, after prolonged exposure to an insecticide over several generations, mosquitoes, like other insects, may develop resistance, a capacity to survive contact with an insecticide. When this happens all you need do is change your insecticide. Sources: list25, Cdv.gov, Reliefweb.int